Antigua Barbuda passes
The Free Trade and Processing Zone Act,
casinos and sports books
licenses granted pursuant to this legislation.
the internet casino industry's
Brothers Andrew and Mark
unique encrypted communication protocols to settle
transactions securely, reliably and quickly.
Starnet Communications, based in Vancouver, Canada, is established to
develop, license and provide online gambling technology and websites,
including online casinos and
barriers, offshore subsidiaries,
to carry out development,
licensing and e-commerce functions for clients.
The Kahnawake Gaming Commission is established in
licensed online gambling
activities hosted within its jurisdiction.
Boss Specialtidningar AB,
Boss Media's parent company,
begins to develop a
system for casino operations on the Internet.
Microgaming sells off existing casino operations and concentrates on
developing of internet casino technologies.
developing the first Ecash and gaming application, and complete its first generation of gaming software
CryptoLogic's wholly owned
WagerLogic, completed its first
1996, claiming to
first internet casino to accept a real money wager online.
Boss Casinos system development work is transferred to Boss Media AB.
The game server system is located in Antigua & Barbuda, in the West
Indies, one of the few countries in the world willing to sanction Internet
Starnet Systems International Inc. is created as a subsidiary of Starnet
Communications, to license turnkey,
customized, Internet gaming systems to independent operators in exchange
of the licensees' revenues.
WorldGaming.net, a proprietary website licensed in Antigua to accept,
process and manage wagers via the Internet.
PartyGaming is founded as a network of gambling sites offering casino games and operating in the
Caribbean. The incredible growth of the company, lead the shareholders to
list the company on the London Stock Exchange in 2005.
Microgaming launches Cash Splash, the
Internet's first progressive jackpot
Sen. Jon Kyl
(R-Ariz.), Congress' foremost opponent to online gambling
introduces the Internet Gambling Prohibition Act, designed to make it
illegal for any company to offer an online gambling product to US
citizens. The bill
fails to pass.
Starnet Systems signs its first Internet gaming licensee, Atlantis Corp,
operating out of Antigua Barbuda.
Frost and Sullivan report
generated $834.5 million in revenue in 1998.
Boss Media signs its first license agreement with an external customer.
Police raid Starnet Communication's Vancouver office for suspected
participation in illegal gambling. While all gaming servers are
located offshore, Canadian Authorities claim that the Starnet's e-mail
server which is located in Canada, is an extension of gaming activities
and therefore in violation of the Canadian Criminal Code.
Sen. Jon Kyl (R-Ariz.), reintroduces a revised Internet Gambling
Prohibition Act, designed to make it illegal for any company to offer an
online gambling product to US citizens. The revised bill also
fails to pass.
Microgaming forms a deal with a big five auditing firm (PriceWaterhouseCoopers)
to review and
report on casino payout percentages.
The first Australian Government licensed internet casino, Lasseter's, goes
online. Lasseter's operates under license from the Northern
Territory Government, which moved quickly to legislate for and offer
licenses to online casinos.
Boss Media´s shares are quoted on the OM Stockholm Exchange´s O-list.
at September 1999, Christian Capital Advisors estimated that there were
approximately 700 casinos taking money bets over the Internet
its new gaming software platform with multi-player
The Australian Federal Government passes its Interactive Gambling
Australian Based online casino or sports
book operators not already licensed and operating prior to May 2000,
from operating. Lasseters Online is the only
able to operate under the new legislation.
Microgaming releases its second progressive internet slots game, Lots a
Loot Progressive Slot.
Rep. Bob Goodlatte (R-Va.) introduces a new Internet Gambling Prohibition
Act to the US House of Representatives. The bill fails to attract
the required two thirds majority vote to pass
Cryptologic's annual report claims that the number of customers who have
used its electronic payment system for online betting has climbed to
680,000 since operations began in 1996.
The UK sovereign territories of Gibraltar and the Isle of Man offer online
sports betting licenses. A number of large UK betting shops purchase
licenses from these
Microgaming releases 3 more of its progressive internet games:
Fruit Fiesta slots,
and SupaJax video poker progressives.
South African giant Sun International Hotels
agreement with a land-based casino company.
Cryptologic lists on the Nasdaq National Market under the symbol CRYP.
casino licensed in Argentina.
of a survey published in PRNewswire (22 March 2001)
already gambled with real money online at that
The Australian Federal Government passes legislation making it illegal for
any Internet casino or sports book to offer its product to Australian
legislation contains significant concessions for
local sportsbook and racing operators.
passes a bill
the way for licensed online casinos to
operate out of Nevada. It is estimated that it will still be a year
or two before the drafting of license regulations and agreement from the
US Department of Justice will allow the granting of the first licenses.
Starnet Communications is fined $100,000 for involvement in internet
gambling. No company officers were fined or charged.
The Kahnawake Gaming Commission hosts its 20th online casino licensee,
up from 12 the previous year.
An online casino player wins
US$414,119 playing the Rags to Riches
slot game at The Sands of the Caribbean online casino. This is the
largest internet progressive jackpot win to date.
Alderney (British Channel Islands) passes legislation for Interactive
Gambling, and the Alderney Commission is now is a position to accept
The Gambling Review Report is released in the UK. Subject to rounds of
negotiations before its recommendations become law, the review suggests
legalizing all forms of online gambling, which would make Britain one of
the few OECD countries to allow it.
Partypoker.com, now one of the largest online poker brands launches.
R-Va that would update a
40-year-old law banning telephone wagers (the Wire Act) to cover Internet
betting, and online casinos in
and doesn't become law.
at Captain Cooks Casino playing
eCOGRA (eCommerce and online gaming regulation and assurance)
is founded with the goal of providing a best practice operating framework and
related compliance testing for the as yet largely unregulated industry.
Chris Moneymaker, an accountant and part time poker amateur, takes out the 2003
world series of poker, providing what many believe to be one of the major
catalyst to the general and online poker boom that sees sites like
Partypoker.com grow their customer bases exponentially over the ensuing years.
Worldwide online casino revenues are
estimated by research group Frost and Sullivan to have reached just over $8
billion, up from $3 billion in 2001.
Search engine giants Google and Yahoo make the decision to
remove all online gambling related advertising from their
websites, following a US Justice Department announcement
that advertising online gambling may be construed as "aiding
and abetting" illegal betting pursuant to the Wire Wager Act
Only 4 years after launching
their online poker business, PartyGaming lists on the
London Stock Exchange with a market value of approximately
Online casino portal Casino City sues the
US Justice Department, seeking a declaration from the court that the act of
advertising online casinos is legal and protected by First Amendment Rights.
The action is dismissed, as is a subsequent appeal in January 2006.
The Caribbean island nation of Antigua
Barbuda, now one of the world's established online gambling hubs, files an
action against the United States Government before the World Trade Organization
on the basis that US anti-online gambling laws (interpretation of the Wire Wager
Act) violate the WTO's General Agreement on Trade in Services.
The WTO finds in favor of Antigua Barbuda.
Italy becomes the first European country to move to ban access by its residents
to non-Italian licensed online gaming sites. The move to block all gaming
sites not licensed in Italy was put into effect in Italy's 2006 Budget, and
specifically identifies 684 internet gaming sites which are considered to be
illegal. The law imposes an obligation on Italian ISP's to block the
listed illegal gaming sites, or face fines of up to €180,000 a day for
The Unlawful Internet Gambling Enforcement Act ("UIGEA") is passed by the Bush
Administration, attached to the Safe Ports Act. UIGEA renders it illegal
for US financial institutions to facilitate payments between US residents and
offshore online gambling sites. Share prices of listed online gambling
operators with significant US facing operations, like Sportingbet.com, Ladbrokes
and Partygaming plunge overnight as a result.
Frost and Sullivan estimate worldwide online casino revenues to be $15 billion,
almost doubling since 2004. Estimates of future growth are revised
considerably following the passing of UIGEA.
Antigua Barbuda files a claim with the WTO against the United States for
USD $3.4 billion in relation to GATS violations. The EU files
Rep. Barney Frank (D-MA) introduces the first of a number of
legislative attempts to either modify or repeal UIGEA
In April, Klaus E. from Finland hits the first online casino progressive jackpot
in excess of $5 million. The win of $5,556,753.68 playing Microgaming game
Mega Moolah at Blackjack Ballroom is not eclipsed until May 2009 when the same
game is hit for EUR 6.3 million.
The European Commission begins infringement proceedings against a number of EU
member states including France and Germany on the basis that their anti-online
gambling laws are in breach of EU 'Freedom to Provide Services' provisions.
France subsequently announces intentions to open its market to online gambling
with a new licensing and regulatory regime to come into operation in early 2010.
The 'superuser account' scandals hit the online poker industry
with player analysis and investigations revealing that UltimateBet and
Absolute Poker software security had been compromised and fraudsters
were able to play with knowledge other players' hold cards.
Millions of dollars in fraudulent winnings remain unrecovered.
Microgaming's Mega Moolah
progressive slot jackpot goes off at a record EUR 6.3 million. It
is won by Georgios M from Greece, playing at
Industry stalwart Bodog.com
reaches the milestone of signing its 3 millionth customer account.
is one of the few large brand online gambling operators choosing to defy
the UIGEA and continue to accept US player accounts.
Treasury Secretary Timothy Geithner and Federal Reserve chief Ben
Bernanke grant a 6 month reprieve on UIGEAs implementation date.
The new June 1, 2010 deadline gives Rep. Barney Frank and cohorts a
window of opportunity to push their proposed regulatory approach.
Gambling Giant Harrahs launches
its first online casino.
www.caesarscasino.com goes live in November and marks the first
major US based terrestrial gaming house to launch one of their brands
online. The move is an about face from Harrah's staunch
anti-online gambling stance and (via AGA) support of UIGEA in 2006.
Despite the UIGEA implementation reprieve, Mastercard surprises the industry by
beginning online gambling payment blocking measures for US players in
Online poker room Pokerstars.com deals its 40 billionth hand of poker.
The milestone is celebrated with a tournament that attracts 36,169
entrants and generates a prize pool of $7,233,800. The tournament
winner received $1.1million.
France's newly formed online gambling regulator ARJEL begins
taking license applications for online poker and sports betting
providers wanting to participate in the regulated French online gambling
UIGEA is implemented in the US on June 1.
North America gets its first government owned and operated online casino
with the launch of Playnow.com. The casino is operated by the
Canadian crown corporation the BCLC, and available only to residents of
British Columbia. Other Canadian provinces looking to address
growing deficits are rumored to soon follow suit with net casinos of
In April the US Department of Justice Indicts key figures at major US
facing online poker rooms Full Tilt, PokerStars and Absolute Poker, in
addition to a number of individuals alleged to have been instrumental in
the processing of online poker transactions at US banks.